Old growth trail is behind Oty’Okwa camp grounds. its a dirt path that goes a few miles into the woods. many trees are marked and labeled by the organization taking care of the trail. at the end of one of the trials was a place called split rock which had a bunch of large boulders in an area, and some large poison ivy plants growing on some of them. There was a number of old large trees and many saplings scattered about. Smilax was along side a good portion of the trail. the trail was almost totally shaded due to the large old trees.

Name                                                                       CC

1. American Hornbeam Carpinus carliniana                               5

2. American beech Fagus grandifolia                                      7

3. Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia                           2

4. Chinkapin oak Quercus muehlenbergii                                 7

5. Smilax Smilax rotundifolia                                              4

6. poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans                                     1

7. Shag bark hickory Carya ovata                                         6

8. white oak Quercus alba                                                6

9. black oak Quercus velutina                                            7

10. red oak Quercus rubra                                               6

11. Chestnut oak Quercus montana                                      7

12. Black cherry Prunus serotina                                         3

13. Black gum Nyssa sylvatica                                           7

14. Multiflora rose Rosa multiflora                                      *

15. Red maple Acer rubrum                                             2

16. sugar maple Acer saccharum                                         5

17. White ash Fraxinus americana                                       6

18. Eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis                                  8

19. Pignut hickory Carya glabra                                         5

20. Sassafras Sassafras albidum                                         3

 

E(cci)/√(# of natives)

5/√(20)+7/√(20)+2/√(20)+7/√(20)+4/√(20)+1/√(20)+6/√(20)+6/√(20)+7/√(20)+6/√(20)+7/√(20)+3/√(20)+7/√(20)+2/√(20)+5/√(20)+6/√(20)+8/√(20)+5/√(20)+3/√(20)= 21.69

 

 

 

 

Eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis  cc 8

has lacy twigs that droop with small pine leaves.

the wood is used for roofing, flooring, and paneling.

American beech Fagus grandifolia  cc 7

cigar shaped bud.

unlike other hardwoods, the American beech retains its smooth bark throughout its life.

Black gum Nyssa sylvatica  cc 7

simple oval leaves that turn bright red in the fall.

the fruit has high fat and fiber which makes it a good food source and helps animals like bears.

black oak Quercus velutina   cc 7

dark bark, leaves with deep lobes and spines.

the tree has a long tap root that makes it hard to transplant.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Virginia creeper Parthenocissus quinquefolia  cc 2

veining plant with 5 leaves

Virginia creeper is a good way to prevent erosion, it can be planted for natural erosion control.

poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans   cc 1

veining plant with 3 leaves, has fibrous roots that hold onto other objects.

the plant produces oil that humans have an allergic reaction to.

Black cherry Prunus serotina cc 3

mature tree has broken, chipping, and grey black bark.

the wood is used for furniture and cabinetry.

Red maple Acer rubrum cc 2

leaves turn bright red and have 3 lobes.

The plant is used for decoration, the red buds twigs, and in the fall leaves give it a vibrant color year round.

 

 

I could only find 2 invasive at my site. Autumn olive and Multi-flora rose

Autumn olive  Elaeagnus umbellata

The plant’s leaves are silver underneath and the bark is a burnt orange color.

the plant has berries that are edible.

 

 

Multi-flora rose Rosa multiflora

unlike black berry multi flora rose has 7 leaflets.

It can produce up to 1 million seeds a year and they can stay on the ground a be viable for up to 20 years

 

 

 

Eastern hemlock Tsuga canadensis  

This tree likes acid and dry soil, which fits the sandstone hills for eastern ohio

has lacy twigs that droop with small pine leaves.

the wood is used for roofing, flooring, and paneling.

 

Chestnut oak Quercus montana 

This tree likes acid and dry soil, which fits the sandstone hills for eastern ohio

the leaves are rounded like a white oak but the lobes are very shallow.

The Chestnut oak has harder wood than white oak and drops acorns almost every year. its an important food source for many animals.

Pitch Pine Pinus rigida

This tree likes acid and dry soil, which fits the sandstone hills for eastern ohio

the pitch pine has 3 needles in a node and has fewer knots than a white pine with a richer color to the bark

Pitch pine was used for ship building in the past due to its high resin content.

Hop hornbeam Ostrya virginiana

This tree is best know for being around limestone or limy substrates, which doesn’t fit for the area.

Hop hornbeam has shredded bark like a cat raked is claws down it.

the wood is hard and is used for fence posts or tool handles.

Out of the 4 plants this one is the only tree that doesn’t fit the substrate, there were many of them around at the site as well. they were mostly on the flat sections of the area where the water run off was less. In general I concur with Forsyth.